Traditional Chinese Medicine

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Influenced by the west, we tend to think of “medicine” as a way of dealing with illness and disease. In contrast, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and other form of Asian medical system focus on achieving health and well-being through the cultivation of harmony within our lives.

TCM is based on the Chinese concept of “Qi” (pronounced “chee” and usually translated as “vital energy”) and the theory of “yin and yang” (the harmony of all the opposite elements and forces that make up existence). It believes that:

  • Harmony brings health, wellbeing, and sustainability.
  • Disharmony leads to illness, disease, and collapse.

What is the TCM perspective?
In the simplest terms possible, TCM is a way of looking at ourselves and our world that sees everything as a whole and considers everything in context. In TCM this perspective is called “taking whole.”

This perspective is applied to everything affecting our health and wellbeing; from our diet, exercise, and how we handle stress; to how we interact with our family and friends, our community, and our environment.

Thus TCM not only identifies and treats illness and prevents disease but, just as importantly, optimizes health, wellbeing, and sustainability in our lives and in our world.

Where does TCM come from?
TCM is a direct descendent of one of the oldest and continuously practiced systems of medicine in the world, and can trace its roots back 2500 years. Since its inception, Chinese medicine has evolved and developed into a very sophisticated and rational system of medicine influencing and being influenced by the many cultures and systems of medicine it has come into contact with along the way.

What is 5 Elements Theory?
Ancient Chinese people observed the natural world and recognized that there are continuous patterns of transformation and changes in the universe and it was initially interpreted with “Ying & Yang” theory this interpretation was expanded and called “5 Elements” theory.

The 5 elements theory evolved from the study of various processes, functions and phenomena of nature. The theory asserts substances can be divided into one of five basic elements: Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal and Water which contain their own specific and properties. Today the 5 elements theory is still used and as a tool for grouping objects and as a method for analyzing changes of natural phenomena.

The 5 Elements and their relationship with nature and the body
The 5 elements correspond to different aspects of the natural world and the body. For example Wood is corresponds to spring and wind in the natural world and to the liver, gall bladder, eyes and tendons in the body, see Table 1 for the summery of these relationship)

Table 1

Wood Fire Earth Metal Water
Yin Organ Liver Heart & Triple Warmer Spleen Lungs Kidneys
Yang Organ Gall Bladder Small Intestine& Pericardium Stomach Large Intestine Bladder
Vocal Quality Shouting Laughing Singing Weeping Groaning
Time of Day 11pm-3am 11am-3pm and7-11pm 7-11am 3-7am 3-7pm
Body Fluid Tears Sweat Saliva Mucus Urine
Emotion Anger Joy Worry Grief Fear
Tissue Tendons and nails Blood vessels Muscles Skin and hair Bones
Sense Organ Eyes Tongue Mouth Nose Ears
Sense Sight Speech Taste Smell Hearing
Color Green Red Yellow White Blue/Black
Taste Sour Bitter Sweet Spicy Salty

From the above table, you would see that there are organized relationship between the elements, nature and the body. The different vertical characteristics belong to the same elements and horizontally, each characteristic interacts with another according to the specific order and elements. Working within this wisdom of thought, everything has correlation in nature.

The 5 elements and a healthy lifestyle
The relationship of the 5 elements plays an important role in maintaining a balance lifestyle. This can be illustrated in season changes. During spring, which belongs to the wood element, we should avoid excessive anger in order to stay healthy. In the winter which belongs to water element our bodies prefer to store energy so rest is important. Storage is an important function of the water element, therefore in winter it’s advisable for people to go to bed early. Understanding the relationship between the elements is in the first step to achieve a harmonious balance in nature and life. Today Chinese medicine continues to develop in new and exciting ways and is utilized by millions of people around the world.

Let’s live life in balance with nature!
Nisbett, Richard. The Geography of Thought; How Asians and Westerners Think Differently… and Why. Simon and Schuster, New York. 2003.
Schirokauer, Conrad.. A Brief History of Chinese Civilization. Orlando, FL.: Harcourt Brace. 1991
Yu Huan, Zhang., Ross, Ken. Who Can Ride the Dragon: An Exploration of the Cultural Roots of Traditional Chinese Medicine Brookline, MA., Paradigm Publications. 1995